Draft Agreed Conclusions CSW56 as of 1 March

Please find the Draft Agreed Conclusions as a downloadable PDF here.

For the text version, please read the following:

Commission on the Status of Women

56th session

27 February to 9 March 2012

 

The empowerment of rural women and their role in poverty and hunger eradication, development and current challenges

 

Draft agreed conclusions[1]

 

  1. The Commission on the Status of Women reaffirms the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action, the outcome documents of the twenty-third special session of the General Assembly, and the declarations adopted by the Commission on the occasion of the tenth and fifteenth anniversaries of the Fourth World Conference on Women. (CSW55 agreed conclusions, para. 1)

 

  1. The Commission [EU TO DELETE: reiterates] [EU TO ADD: reaffirms] that the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women and its Optional Protocol, [Switzerland TO ADD: the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights,] as well as relevant conventions of the International Labour Organization, provide a legal framework for the promotion of gender equality [EU TO ADD: and the human rights of women] in rural development and agriculture. [Turkey TO ADD: The Commission also reaffirms the Convention on the Rights of the Child, the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, and the outcomes of the 1994 International Conference on Population and Development, the 1995 World Summit for Social Development, and the 2000 Millennium Summit. (based on CSW53 agreed conclusions, para. 2)] The Commission notes the importance of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples for the empowerment of rural [Canada TO ADD: indigenous] women. (based on CSW55 agreed conclusions, para. 2)

 

[EU TO ADD: 2 bis. The Commission reaffirms that the promotion and  protection of, and respect for, the human rights and fundamental freedoms of women, including the right to development, which are universal, indivisible, interdependent and interrelated, should be mainstreamed into all policies and programmes aimed at the  eradication of poverty, and also reaffirms the need to take  measures to ensure that every person is entitled to participate in,  contribute to and enjoy economic, social, cultural and political  development.

(based on CSW52 agreed conclusions, para. 10)]

 

  1. [EU TO DELETE PARA 3 AND SPLIT INTO THREE PARAS] The Commission recognizes rural women as leaders, [India TO ADD: opinion makers,] decision makers, producers, workers, entrepreneurs and service providers who contribute [India TO ADD: as equal partners] to local and national economies, [India TO DELETE: rural] [India TO ADD: overall] development, agriculture and household livelihoods. Their contributions, which are often not fully acknowledged are a pre-requisite for [Turkey TO ADD: their empowerment, which is the process by which women take control over their lives in particular and,] [India TO ADD: inclusive and sustainable] [Switzerland TO ADD: sustainable] economic growth and [Switzerland TO ADD: sustainable] development. [Israel TO DELETE: It notes] [Israel TO ADD: Noting that poverty remains a massive and predominantly rural phenomenon, the Commission recognizes (based on E/CN.6/2012/3, para.5)] the potential of empowering rural women for poverty and hunger eradication, [US TO ADD: improved health outcomes,] [India TO ADD: inclusive and] sustainable development, and accelerated progress towards achieving internationally agreed development goals including the Millennium Development Goals by 2015. The Commission acknowledges the heterogeneity of rural women and the need to address discrimination and inequalities they face on the basis of a range of factors [India TO ADD: and circumstances]

 

[EU TO ADD: 3 bis. The Commission acknowledges the heterogeneity of rural women and the need to address the discrimination and inequalities they face on the basis of ethnicity, marital status, age and a range of other factors.]

 

[EU TO ADD: 3 ter. The Commission recognizes that rural women have the same rights as other women as leaders, decision makers, caregivers, producers, workers, entrepreneurs and service providers who contribute to local and national economies, rural development, agriculture, environmental sustainability, household livelihoods and food and nutrition security.]

 

[EU TO ADD: 3 quat. The Commission notes the potential of rural women for poverty and hunger eradication, sustainable development, management of natural resources, and accelerated progress towards achieving internationally agreed as well as upcoming development goals including the Millennium Development Goals by 2015. However their potential is limited by multiple and diverse constraints including persistent structural gender disparities that prevent them from enjoying their economic and other rights. Moreover, their contributions are often not fully acknowledged or appropriately valued or paid. We also stress that investing in women and girls has a multiplier effect on productivity, efficiency and sustained economic growth.]

 

[Liechtenstein TO ADD: 3 quin. The Commission expresses deep concern that rural women continue to be marginalized in decision-making at all levels, and in particular in political processes at the national level. The Commission stresses the need to promote the full and effective participation of rural women in political decision-making at all levels and in all contexts, including in times of peace and conflict and in all stages of political transition, and to create an enabling environment for the political empowerment of women by addressing and countering the multiple barriers rural women face when claiming their rights. (based on A/RES/66/130, Women and political participation, pp. 7 and op. 6 (f) (j))]

 

  1. The Commission expresses deep concern that the ongoing adverse impacts of the world financial and economic crisis, the volatile food and energy prices and food [EU TO ADD: and nutrition] insecurity (based on A/RES/66/125, World Summit for Social Development, op. 58), the lack of investment in rural development and agriculture, [Switzerland TO ADD: the widely spread land grabbing due to vast investments by foreign companies,]  and [EU TO ADD: in adjusting to] demographic changes [EU TO ADD: and climate changes] have exacerbated the disadvantages and inequalities [EU TO ADD: that rural] women and men, girls and boys face [EU TO DELETE: in rural areas] [Switzerland TO ADD: especially where small scale production is predominant]. [EU TO ADD: The Commission recognizes that women and girls are disproportionally affected by poverty and hunger and small farmers continue to bear a larger share of the burden of rural poverty.] [Turkey TO ADD: and reaffirms that special attention must be given to women and girls who often bear the greatest burden of poverty (based on CSW46 agreed conclusions, para. 4)]

 

[EU TO ADD: 4 bis. Ensuring the rights of rural women and girls, including equal access to resources, is essential to their empowerment as well as to food security. The engagement of rural women and girls is not only a way to provide rural women and girls with means to enhance their participation and use of their potential, but also smart economics.]

 

  1. The Commission [EU TO DELETE: reiterates that] [EU TO ADD: recognizes that empowering rural women and girls is an essential part of the solution to] the multiple and complex causes of the global food crisis in developing countries, especially for net food [EU TO DELETE: importers] [EU TO ADD: importing countries], and its consequences for food [Switzerland, EU TO ADD: and nutrition] security [Switzerland TO DELETE: and nutrition] require a comprehensive and coordinated response by national Governments and the international community [Canada TO ADD: that includes the equal participation of women in decision-making]. (based on A/RES/66/220, pp. on agriculture, development and food security)

 

  1. The Commission recognizes that smallholder farmers, including women and indigenous [US TO DELETE: peoples] [US TO ADD: people], [EU TO ADD: as well as women working in fishery and forestry sectors,] [Switzerland, EU TO DELETE: may] [Switzerland, EU TO ADD: do] [Switzerland TO ADD: often] not have [Switzerland TO DELETE: the] [Switzerland TO ADD: an] equitable [Switzerland TO ADD: and affordable] access to [India TO ADD: information technology,] tools, [Canada TO ADD: resources, productive inputs, appropriate technologies,] [EU TO ADD: financial services, information,] markets, [Canada TO ADD: financing] [India TO ADD: financial resources] [EU TO ADD: credit, new technologies] [Switzerland TO DELETE: and] [Switzerland TO ADD: infrastructure,] land tenure rights [Switzerland TO DELETE: that is] [Switzerland TO ADD: and financing, which is] needed for them to reach their productive potential [EU TO ADD: and to contribute to sustainable rural growth]. (A/RES/66/220, pp. on agriculture, development and food security)

 

  1. The Commission [Turkey TO ADD: reaffirms the commitment to the equal participation of women and men in public and political life as a key element in women’s advancement and (based on CSW53 agreed conclusions, para. 13)] stresses the need to ensure the full participation of rural women [Canada TO ADD: as decision-makers] [EU TO DELETE: in shaping the response to these] [US, EU TO DELETE: crises] [US TO ADD: challenges], [EU TO DELETE: including] in the development, implementation and monitoring of macroeconomic policies, national development plans and poverty reduction strategies. [EU TO ADD: The Commission expresses concern that the under-representation of women from rural areas in political and public life remains high in most societies. It also urges the strengthening of good governance and the rule of law at the local, national, regional and international levels as this is essential for sustainable development and the eradication of poverty and hunger, including to the benefit or rural women and girls.] The Commission underlines that ensuring rural women’s full access to [EU TO DELETE: on and off farm] [EU TO ADD: agricultural and non-agricultural] employment opportunities and to productive resources, assets and services, [EU TO ADD: including financial services and services for health and education,] will greatly enhance their [Turkey TO ADD: empowerment and] contribution to [India TO ADD: inclusive] economic growth, food [EU TO ADD: and nutrition] security, [India TO ADD: nutrition] and sustainable development. [Australia TO DELETE: It also highlights the importance of reducing rural women’s] [EU TO ADD: disproportionate share of the] [Australia TO DELETE: unpaid work burden] [Switzerland TO ADD: by public investments in infrastructure and basic services] [Australia TO DELETE: to increase their productivity and their potential to engage in remunerative activities] [Switzerland TO ADD: as well as to improve rural women’s livelihood]. [Australia TO ADD: It also expresses concern that women continue to bear the major responsibility for unpaid domestic and caring work and that this impedes their workforce participation and impacts on their long term economic security.] [India TO ADD: The Commission emphasizes skill enhancement of rural women to participate in national economic development process in a more equitable manner.]

 

[Chile, Costa Rica, Mexico, Peru, Uruguay TO ADD: 7 bis. The Commission underlines the need for substantial additional investment and better policies and enhance international cooperation in support of sustainable agricultural development, while paying special attention to the role of rural women can play in reaching the poverty and hunger targets of the Millennium Development Goals. (based on A/RES/66/220, op. 26)]

 

[Australia TO ADD: 7 ter. The Commission expresses deep concern that many women and girls face multiple disadvantages related to their disability, race, age, ethnicity, religion and geographic location – particularly for those in rural and remote areas – in addition to their gender that can isolate and marginalize such women and create barriers to their full and equal access to, and equal participation in rural communities, and equal access to full employment and decent work. (based on Beijing Platform for Action, para. 31)]

 

[Australia TO ADD: 7 quat. The Commission expresses deep concern that violence against women continues to occur, particularly for those living in rural and remote areas, noting that it is an obstacle to the achievement of the objectives of equality and impairs the ability of women and girls to develop their full potential as equal partners with men, in every aspect of life and development. (based on CSW50 agreed conclusions on Enhanced participation of women in development, para. 7 (e); Beijing Platform for Action, para. 112)]

 

[Turkey TO ADD: 7 quin. The Commission recognizes that the full integration of women into the formal economy, in particular, into economic decision-making, means changing the current gender-based division of labour into new economic structures where women and men enjoy equal treatment, pay and power, including sharing of paid and unpaid work. (based on CSW53 agreed conclusions, para. 7)]

 

[Turkey TO ADD: 7 sext. The Commission acknowledges the important role of national machineries for the advancement of women, national human rights institutions where they exist, and the important role of civil society, especially women’s organizations, in advancing the implementation of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action and in promoting empowerment of rural women and recognizes their contributions to the work of the Commission. (based on CSW55 agreed conclusions, para. 5; CSW53 agreed conclusions, para. 12)]

 

[Australia TO ADD: 7 sept. The Commission acknowledges the important role of national machineries for the advancement of women, which should be placed at the highest possible level of government, the relevant contribution of national human rights institutions where they exist, and the important role of civil society, especially women’s organizations, in advancing the implementation of the Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action and in promoting the full and equal access and participation of women and girls, particularly those living in rural areas. (based on CSW55 agreed conclusions, para. 5)] 

 

  1. The Commission urges Governments, [Turkey TO ADD: including local authorities, to take the following actions, as appropriate, with] the relevant entities of the United Nations system, international and regional organizations, [Australia TO ADD: national women’s machineries, national human rights institutions, and civil society, including] rural organizations, women’s organizations, farmers’ and producers’ organizations, cooperatives, [Canada TO ADD: civil society,] [US TO ADD: the renewable and clean energy sectors,] [Australia, Turkey TO DELETE: and] [Australia TO ADD: academia, educational institutions,] [Turkey TO DELETE: the] [Turkey TO ADD: as well as] private sector, [Australia TO ADD: employer organizations, trade unions, professional associations, the media and other relevant actors,] [Turkey TO ADD: trade unions, civil society and other relevant actors] [Turkey TO DELETE: to take the following actions]:

 

 

  1. Strengthening gender-responsive policy environments

 

a)     Integrate [EU TO ADD: the human rights of women and girls and] a gender [EU TO ADD: equality] perspective into rural governance processes such as policymaking, public administration, and service delivery, [EU TO ADD: including health, education and social services]; integrate a gender perspective [EU TO ADD: and systematic reporting] into all rural development and agricultural policies and programmes  and prioritize [EU TO ADD: gender-sensitive] rural development [US TO ADD: renewable and clean energy development] and agriculture in national development plans  [EU TO ADD: and include sex-disaggregated and gender-sensitive indicators in performance management frameworks] to achieve equal access for women to productive resources, [EU TO ADD: credit,] essential [US TO ADD: health] services [EU TO ADD: including for health and education], [Switzerland TO ADD: decent] employment opportunities, [EU TO ADD: agricultural information] [Israel TO ADD: time-] and labour-saving [US TO ADD: and healthier] technologies [EU TO ADD: addressing women’s and girls’ needs]; (based on E/CN.6/2012/4, para. 69 (a); resolution on Agricultural technology for development (A/RES/66/195), para. 6; resolution on Agriculture development and food security (A/RES/66/220), paras. 3 and 25)

 

b)    Review, revise, amend or abolish laws and policies that discriminate against [US TO DELETE: rural] women and girls [EU TO ADD: throughout the life course], including those related to land and natural resources, [India TO ADD: resettlement,] family and marriage, inheritance, [EU TO ADD: employment, pay,] legal capacity, housing and property rights [EU TO ADD: as well as accessibility for disabled persons, and develop new laws as appropriate on extension of labour laws to all women and men rural workers and issues such as gender-based violence as well as access to quality services that address girls’ and women’s needs and priorities], [Canada TO ADD: and promote access to justice for all women] [Turkey TO ADD: and take all appropriate measures to ensure women participate in and benefit from rural development (based on CEDAW, para. 14)]; (based on E/CN.6/2012/3, para. 72 (e);  E/CN.6/2012/4, para. 69 (b))

 

c)     Incorporate [EU TO ADD: the human rights of women and girls and] a gender [EU TO ADD: equality] perspective in legislation, policies and programmes on [Switzerland TO DELETE: rural to urban migration] [Switzerland TO ADD: internal] and [Switzerland TO DELETE: on] international migration, with a view to promoting and protecting the [US TO ADD: human] rights of migrants as well as mitigating negative impacts on women and girls, [EU TO ADD: especially trafficking of women and girls]; (based on A/RES/66/128, op. 5/violence against women migrant workers; E/CN.6/2012/3, paras. 47-50)

 

d)    Ensure that perspectives of rural women [EU TO ADD: and girls’ rights] are taken into account and [EU TO DELETE: that they] [EU TO ADD: enable rural women and girls to] participate [Australia TO ADD: fully and equally] in the design, [EU TO ADD: planning,] implementation, [India TO ADD: monitoring,] follow up and evaluation of policies and activities related to emergencies, including natural disasters, humanitarian assistance, [EU TO ADD: conflict prevention and resolution,] peacebuilding, [EU TO ADD: mediation] and post conflict reconstruction; (based on resolution on improvement of situation of women in rural areas (A/RES/66/129), para. 2 (d))

 

e)     Ensure that strong gender equality units are placed at senior levels in line ministries, such as agriculture [US TO ADD: and environment], [EU TO ADD: labour, infrastructure, finance, economy, trade and health] and in [EU TO ADD: regional and] local governments, and that these units are supported by adequate financial, [India TO ADD: technical] and human resources, [EU TO ADD: gender experts] and capacity and authority to ensure that laws, policies, planning and budgeting [EU TO ADD: and monitoring and evaluation] processes, programmes and service delivery are [EU TO DELETE: gender-sensitive] [EU TO ADD: gender-responsive] and respond [Colombia TO ADD: in a coordinated manner] to the priorities and needs of rural women and [EU TO ADD: girls as well as those of] men [EU TO ADD: and boys], [Canada TO ADD: girls and boys]; (based on E/CN.6/2012/4, paras. 69 (c) and (e))

 

f)     Ensure that government officials, [Canada TO DELETE: the judiciary,] [India TO ADD: elected representatives] and service providers have the capacity [EU TO ADD: and information available] to use available [EU TO ADD: gender-responsive] tools [EU TO ADD: and mechanisms] including gender-responsive budgeting for the development, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of gender-responsive rural policies, laws, programmes and service delivery; (based on E/CN.6/2012/4, para. 69 (d))

 

g)     Develop [EU TO ADD: and deliver] outreach programmes to ensure that rural women and men [EU TO DELETE: are aware] [EU TO ADD: have access to the necessary information to be aware] of their rights [India TO ADD: and responsibilities] and of the roles and responsibilities of national, [EU TO ADD: regional] and local governments in protecting these rights, [Switzerland TO ADD: and do have adequate and affordable access to justice] so that they can hold [US TO DELETE: duty bearers] [US TO ADD: those governments] to account; (based on E/CN.6/2012/4, para. 69 (f))

 

h)     [EU TO DELETE: Strengthen] [EU TO ADD: Ensure] rural women’s [EU TO ADD: equal rights to participate in political decision-making including the right to vote and be elected and strengthen their] voice and [EU TO ADD:  active] representation in [Switzerland TO ADD: both] local, [Canada TO ADD: regional] [Switzerland, Canada TO ADD: and national] decision-making bodies to enable them to hold public and private sector service providers accountable for the accessibility, [India TO ADD: timeliness,] quality, [Chile, Costa Rica, Mexico, Peru, Uruguay TO ADD: sustainability] and affordability of services provided to women and men in rural areas, [Chile, Costa Rica, Mexico, Peru, Uruguay TO ADD: in particular to older women, indigenous women and women with disabilities]; (based on E/CN.6/2012/4, para. 69 (j))

 

i)      Develop [Switzerland TO ADD: and implement] regulatory frameworks and incentives for [India TO ADD: women self-help groups,] private sector engagement, [Switzerland TO ADD: in particular to ensure decent workplaces,] and build innovative partnerships, including public-private partnerships, for value chain development and rural women’s access to national, [EU TO ADD: regional] and international markets; (based on E/CN.6/2012/3, para. 72 (j))

 

j)      Strengthen the capacity of national statistical offices [EU TO ADD: and research institutions] to [EU TO ADD: undertake relevant research and to] systematically collect, analyze and disseminate [Australia TO ADD: timely, reliable, and] comparable data disaggregated by sex, age, [Canada TO ADD: ethnicity] [Chile, Costa Rica, Mexico, Peru, Uruguay, Australia, EU TO ADD: disability] [India TO ADD: economic status] and rural/urban areas, including [EU TO DELETE: those] [EU TO ADD: data] collected in household and labour force [EU TO ADD: and time use] surveys, agricultural censuses, and population censuses, [EU TO ADD: measure the unpaid work of women] and develop gender-sensitive indicators, to serve as basis for gender-responsive policy design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation in rural areas, including those on the unpaid [Switzerland TO DELETE: business] [Switzerland TO ADD: activities], agricultural, fishing, [EU TO DELETE: and] forestry [EU TO ADD: and tourism] work and the unpaid care work undertaken by rural women; (based on E/CN.6/2012/3, para. 72 (m); E/CN.6/2012/4, para. 69 (r))

 

 

  1. Leveraging investment for [US TO ADD: sustainable] rural development to improve [US TO ADD: health,] food [Switzerland, EU TO ADD: and nutrition] security and reduce [Switzerland TO ADD: hunger and] poverty

 

k)    [US TO ADD: promote efforts to] Ensure that rural women can [US TO DELETE: equally and fully] benefit [US TO ADD: fully and equally with men] from current and future financing [EU TO DELETE: to support] [EU TO ADD: for] [India TO ADD: inclusive growth,] rural development, [EU TO ADD: including education and non-agricultural employment possibilities,] [US TO ADD: renewable and clean energy development,] agriculture and climate change mitigation and adaptation with the goal to improve food [Switzerland, EU TO ADD: and nutrition] security, [India TO ADD: nutrition] and reduce [Switzerland TO ADD: hunger and] poverty in rural areas in response to the adverse impact of the world financial and economic crisis; (based on E/CN.6/2012/3, para. 72 (a); CSW resolution 55/1, para. 6)

 

l)      Support women smallholder farmers, [EU TO ADD: specially female headed households,] including those in subsistence farming, by facilitating their access to [Switzerland TO ADD: market,] agricultural inputs, [EU TO ADD: financial] and extension services, [EU TO ADD: credit,] infrastructure including [Switzerland TO ADD: drinking and irrigation water,] storage facilities, transportation, [EU TO ADD: financial services,] information and technologies; (based on E/CN.6/2012/3, para. 72 (h))

 

m)   Expand opportunities for women smallholder farmers to diversify their production and increase their productivity by engaging in [US TO ADD: energy production farming as a means to restore agricultural opportunities,] commercial farming and entrepreneurship [Switzerland TO ADD: under decent work conditions], [EU TO ADD: fair trade initiatives] and accessing [Switzerland TO ADD: markets including] lucrative high-value product markets [Switzerland TO ADD: also with small amounts of products]; (based on E/CN.6/2012/3, para. 72 (b))

 

[US TO ADD: m bis. Invest in initiatives such as the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves that provide health and livelihood benefits to women and girls, offer employment opportunities for women, and are scalable and replicable across the developing world.]

 

[US TO ADD: m ter.  Invest in renewable energy technologies in rural and remote areas, including clean cookstoves and solar lighting, which can contribute to enhanced educational and employment opportunities for women, and invest in rural women’s initiatives that promote sustainable agriculture and biodiversity; (based on E/CN.6/2012/3, para. 72 (o)); CSW53 agreed conclusions 2009, para. 15 (ee)]

 

[Israel TO ADD: m quat. Encourages international, regional and national efforts to strengthen the capacity of developing countries, especially their smallholder farmers, in particular  rural women, in order to enhance the productivity and nutritional quality of food  crops, to promote sustainable practices in pre-harvest and post-harvest agricultural  activities and to enhance food security and nutrition-related programmes and  policies that take into consideration the specific needs of women and youth; (based on A/RES/66/195, Agricultural Technology for Development, op. 3)]

 

[India TO ADD: m quin. Promote and strengthen access to appropriate mechanization in agriculture for women to reduce drudgery of women farmers;]

 

n)    Invest in community-based water and renewable energy technologies, [US TO ADD: which are essential to ensure women’s and girls’ access to sanitation and health] in rural [US TO DELETE: and remote] areas, [US TO DELETE: and invest in rural women’s initiatives that promote sustainable agriculture and biodiversity]; (based on E/CN.6/2012/3, para. 72 (o)), CSW53 agreed conclusions, para. 15(ee)) [Switzerland TO MOVE PARA n AFTER PARA l]

 

  • o)    [US TO DELETE: Support and invest in joint United Nations programmes, including in partnership with private sector and financial institutions, that aim to empower rural women;]

 

[Chile, Costa Rica, Mexico, Peru, Uruguay TO ADD: o bis. Strengthen international cooperation in the area of empowerment of rural women and their role in poverty and hunger eradication, development and current challenges, and welcome and encourage in this regard South-South, North-South and triangular cooperation and recognize that the commitment to explore opportunities for further South-South cooperation entails not seeking a substitute for but rather a complement to North-South cooperation; (based on CSW55 agreed conclusions, para. 22 (i))]

 

 

  1. Expanding access to resources, assets, employment, [EU TO ADD: education] and services

 

p)    Ensure that rural women are accorded full and equal rights to own and lease land and other property through: [EU TO ADD: enacting gender-sensitive legislation,] designing and revising relevant laws including those on women’s equal right to inheritance; [India TO ADD: registration of government distributed land in the name of women if they are in the household;] strengthening implementation of laws and policies; and registration processes for land tenure that are local, affordable, rapid, transparent and accessible to all [Turkey TO ADD: and take the necessary steps to guarantee payment, social security and social benefits for women who work without such benefits in enterprises owned by a family member (based on CEDAW general recommendations 16)]; (based on E/CN.6/2012/3, paras. 28 and 72 (f); resolution on improvement of situation of women in rural areas (A/RES/66/129), para. 2 (v))

 

[EU TO ADD: p bis. Support the rapid adoption of the “Voluntary Guidelines on Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security” in the UN Committee on World Food Security (CFS), which will provide suitable direction for the responsible governance of tenure of land, fisheries and forests for the benefit of women and girls;]

 

[Liechtenstein TO ADD: p ter. Increase rural women’s access to justice, and in this regard encourage the strengthening and improvement of the administration of justice, as well as awareness-raising concerning existing legal rights;]

 

q)    Increase rural women’s [EU TO ADD: knowledge and] access to [Switzerland TO ADD: affordable] financial [India TO ADD: reserves and] services [Switzerland TO ADD: (micro-credits, credit savings, micro-insurance)], [Australia TO ADD: including microfinance services,] [Turkey TO ADD: inter alia: credit, savings, insurance and remittance transfer services] [EU TO ADD: (including savings, insurance, remittance transfer and credit) and provide a range of] [EU TO DELETE: design] financial products, [EU TO DELETE: targeted at rural] [EU TO ADD: available to] women, and [EU TO DELETE: provide access to] [EU TO ADD: improve their] financial literacy [EU TO DELETE: training]; (based on E/CN.6/2012/3, para. 72 (g))

 

r)     Provide women migrant workers with [Switzerland TO ADD: investment opportunities and] targeted financial and non-financial advice on how to invest their remittances in the local rural economy; (based on E/CN.6/2012/3, para. 50)

 

s)     [EU TO ADD: Ensure women’s equal access to full employment and decent work and] Expand opportunities for decent [US, Canada, Australia TO DELETE: wage] [US, Canada, Australia TO ADD: work] [US, Canada TO DELETE: employment] [EU TO ADD: with equal pay, maternity protection legislation and agricultural and non-agricultural employment opportunities], [Canada TO ADD: including fair income opportunities and productive employment,] [EU TO DELETE: both on- and off-farm,] for landless and land-poor women and men, [US TO ADD: including through] such [US TO ADD: measures] as employment guarantee and public [Switzerland TO DELETE: works] [Switzerland TO ADD: work] [Canada TO ADD: and community-based infrastructure] programmes; (based on E/CN.6/2012/3, paras. 44 and 72 (c))

 

[EU TO ADD: s bis. Promote and strengthen micro-enterprises, new small businesses, cooperative enterprises, expanded markets and other employment opportunities and, where appropriate, facilitate the transition from the informal to the formal sector, especially in rural areas; (Beijing Platform for Action, para. 166 (d))]

 

t)     Encourage and facilitate the establishment and development of [India TO ADD: women’s self-help groups and] cooperatives [Colombia TO ADD: in social development], including measures aimed at enabling women to fully participate  in them; (based on A/RES/66/123, op. 7(b); cooperatives in social development; E/CN.6/2012/4, para. 69 (p))

 

[India TO ADD: t bis. Take concrete measures to impart skill enhancement training in marketable sectors to rural women for enhancing their employability;]

 

u)    Facilitate the effective functioning of markets and support women’s [Israel TO ADD: equal] access to markets through sound infrastructure, [Chile, Costa Rica, Mexico, Peru, Uruguay TO ADD: including transportation,] adequate awareness and [EU TO ADD: education as well as] enforcement of regulation, and access to and transparency of information, including up-to-date market pricing information [EU TO ADD: and market regulations e.g. by using new technology]; (based on E/CN.6/2012/3, para. 72 (i))

 

v)    [US TO DELETE: Adopt the] [US TO ADD: Establish or expand national] social protection [US TO DELETE: floor] [US TO ADD: floors] approach with a gender [EU TO ADD: equality] perspective to provide basic social protection for all and take measures to ensure long-term financial support for basic social protection services in rural areas; (based on E/CN.6/2012/3, para. 72 (d); E/CN.6/2012/4, para. 69 (i))

 

[Switzerland TO ADD: v bis. Provide specific schemes such as additional insurance or financial support for elderly women and single-mother heads of households in rural areas;]

 

[India TO ADD: v ter. Take concrete measures to provide support services to elderly women and to women with disability;]

 

[India TO ADD: v quat. Take effective steps to provide sustainable livelihoods to marginalized and destitute rural women;]

 

w)   Provide all rural women and men, [EU TO ADD: boys and girls] with [Switzerland, Canada TO DELETE: free-of-charge] [Switzerland, Canada TO ADD: affordable] access to personal identification documents so that they are recognized as full citizens with equal access to productive assets and services [EU TO ADD: and implement birth registration in rural and remote areas]; (based on E/CN.6/2012/4, para. 69 (g))

 

x)     Increase the number of women extension agents and provide training on gender equality issues to both male and female extension agents; and foster the utilization of local know-how and agricultural technologies; (based on E/CN.6/2012/4, para. 69 (k) and resolution on Agricultural technology for development (A/RES/66/195), para. 2)

 

y)    [Australia to ADD: Recognizing that the unequal sharing of responsibilities of daily life, including caregiving, between women and men, girls and boys, has a disproportionate impact on women’s and girls’ access to education, training and on their economic empowerment and long-term economic security,] Reduce the burden of women’s and girls’ unpaid care [Canada TO ADD: and other] work by [US TO DELETE: providing] [US TO ADD: promoting] improved infrastructure, [Canada TO ADD: including utilities such as clean water, electricity,] [Israel TO ADD: time- and] labour-saving technologies and care services [Canada TO ADD:  for children and other dependent persons] in rural [EU TO ADD: and remote] areas [EU TO ADD: and take measures to increase the participation of men in caregiving both within households and in care professions (based on CSW53 agreed conclusions 2009, para. 15 (qq)]; (based on E/CN.6/2012/3, para. 72 (l))

 

[Australia TO ADD: y bis. Promote the reconciliation of work and family responsibilities for women and men, as well as the equal sharing of employment and family responsibilities between women and men, including by: designing, implementing and promoting family-friendly legislation, policies and services, such as affordable, accessible and quality care services for children, individuals with disability, the elderly and other dependent persons through parental and other leave schemes; (based on CSW55 agreed conclusions, para. 22 (gg))]

 

z)    Take concrete measures to enhance and provide [EU TO ADD: right and] access to [EU TO ADD: enjoyment of] the highest attainable [US TO ADD: and most equitable] standards of health for women [US, EU TO ADD: and girls] in rural [EU TO ADD: and remote] areas [India to ADD: including adequate nutrition for pregnant and lactating women], [EU TO DELETE: preventive health,] as well as quality, affordable and universally accessible [EU TO DELETE: primary] health [EU TO DELETE: care and support] services, including for sexual and reproductive health [EU TO ADD: and addressing the unmet need for family planning, to pay special attention to adequate food and nutrition,] [US TO ADD: family planning, and infectious diseases such as HIV]; and [EU TO ADD: to] promote access to safe and clean drinking water and sanitation [EU TO ADD: as a crucial step towards achieving the Millennium Development Goals] [EU TO DELETE: to improve the health of rural women] [US TO ADD: their families, and their communities]; (based on A/RES/66/129, OP 2 (f) and (g),  improvement of the situation of women in rural areas)

 

[EU TO ADD: z bis. Ensure that health policies and health budgets better serve the needs of rural women and girls, including for sexual and reproductive health, conscious that access by women and girls to reproductive health and the information and means to make autonomous decisions about their fertility is inextricably linked to the wider empowerment of women in economic, social and political life;]

 

[EU TO ADD: z ter. Emphasizes the need for age-appropriate, evidence-based and comprehensive sexuality information and education addressing the sexual and reproductive needs of rural women and girls as well as men and boys in order to ensure their right to have control over and decide freely and responsibly on matters related to their sexual and reproductive health and enable them to make informed and responsible decisions to reduce early childbearing and maternal mortality, to promote access to pre- and post natal care and to combat sexual harassment and gender-based discrimination and all forms of violence in rural areas where young women and girls face pressure to adhere to harmful traditional practices such as female genital mutilation/cutting, early marriage, early pregnancy and early child-bearing which exposes them to reproductive health risks including obstetric fistula (based on CSW55 agreed conclusions, para. 22 (x); E/CN.6/2012/3, paras 5-8);]

 

[EU TO ADD: z quat. Promote rural women’s and girls’ access to both formal and non-formal education and training, including through establishing mandatory school programmes, local facilities, scholarships and mentorship programmes, as well as early child development programmes and child-care facilities (based on E/CN.6/2012/3, para. 72 (n)) in view of the critical role of education in the achievement of poverty eradication and other development goals as envisaged in the MDGs;]

 

aa)  Support [Chile, Costa Rica, Mexico, Peru, Uruguay TO ADD: human rights education and training and] a gender-sensitive education system that [Colombia TO ADD: are relevant to employment opportunities and aligned with rapidly changing labour market needs and (CSW55 agreed conclusions, para. 22 (cc))] considers the specific needs of rural women [Switzerland, EU TO ADD: and girls] in order to eliminate gender stereotypes and [US, Canada TO DELETE: discriminatory tendencies affecting them] [US TO ADD: discrimination] [Canada TO ADD: discrimination against them] [EU TO ADD: e.g. by promoting and making accessible long-distance quality education]; (based on A/RES/66/129, para. 2 (w), improvement of the situation of women in rural areas)

 

[Chile, Costa Rica, Mexico, Peru, Uruguay TO ADD: aa bis. Reaffirms the critical role of both formal and non-formal education in the achievement of poverty eradication and other development goals as envisaged in the Millennium Declaration, and, in this context, recalls the Dakar Framework for Action on Education for All; (based on language on Poverty Eradication Resolution, Commission for Social Development, Fiftieth session)]

 

[Australia TO ADD: aa ter. Continue efforts to condemn all forms of violence against women and girls and take urgent action to strengthen and implement legal, policy, administrative and other measures to prevent and eliminate all forms of discrimination and violence; (based on CSW55 agreed conclusions, para. 22 (q))]

 

[Canada TO ADD: aa quat. Condemn all forms of violence against women and girls, take appropriate action to strengthen and implement legal, policy, administrative and other measures to prevent and eliminate all forms of discrimination and violence and, in this regard, fully engage men and boys, as well as families and communities in preventing and condemning violence against women and girls;]

 

[Liechtenstein TO ADD: aa quin. Exercise due diligence to prevent, investigate, prosecute and punish the perpetrators of violence against rural women and girls, eliminate impunity and provide protection to the victims; (based on A/RES/65/187, Violence Against Women, op. 9)]

 

[Australia TO ADD: aa sext. Recognizing that women migrant workers, particularly those living in rural areas, are particularly vulnerable to trafficking in persons, continue efforts to condemn all forms of trafficking in persons, especially women and children, and take urgent action to strengthen and implement legal, policy, administrative and other measures to prevent and eliminate trafficking in persons, and to provide support services for victims of trafficking; (based on Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air and the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children, which support the UN Convention against Transnational Organised Crime)]

 

[Belarus TO ADD: aa sept. Address the social, economic and other factors that make rural women and girls vulnerable to human trafficking, such as poverty, unemployment, lack of socio-economic opportunities, humanitarian emergencies, including natural disasters, social exclusion and marginalization, as well as a culture of tolerance towards violence against women and girls; (based on A/RES/64/293, para. 12)]

 

bb) [Canada TO DELETE: Ensure that] [Canada TO ADD: Establish or support] [EU TO ADD: safe and] integrated [Canada TO ADD: or coordinated] services for victims of all forms of [Switzerland TO ADD: gender-based] violence,         [Belarus TO ADD: including victims of human-trafficking] [Chile, Costa Rica, Mexico, Peru, Uruguay TO ADD: including access to the judiciary system,] [Switzerland TO ADD: as well as for perpetrators of violence] [Canada TO DELETE: are available and accessible to] [Canada TO ADD:  and ensure] rural women and girls [Canada TO ADD: have access to these services]; (based on A/RES/65/187, para. 16 (r))

 

cc)  Consider the adoption [Switzerland TO DELETE: , where appropriate,] of national legislation to protect the knowledge, innovations and practices of women in indigenous and local communities relating to traditional medicines, biodiversity and indigenous technologies; (based on A/RES/66/129, para 2 (s), improvement of the situation of women in rural areas)

 

[US TO ADD: cc bis. Eliminate the gender gap in access to mobile phones and Internet technology for rural women by ensuring affordable access and adequate service coverage, addressing cultural barriers, and providing access to technical literacy training; (based on WSIS-03/GENEVA/DOC/4-E, para. 12)]

 

[Canada TO ADD: cc ter. Address the priorities and needs of rural women and girls as active users of information and ensure that rural women and girls have access to and full participation in the area of information and communications technology in order to support their economic security and rights, alleviate the spatial and social isolation of rural communities and reduce information barriers in an increasingly knowledge-based society;]

 

dd) Make full use of technological innovations to enhance [Switzerland TO ADD: food and nutrition security of small scale farmers, women’s livelihood,] rural women’s productivity and income, facilitate their access to information, means of communication and services, and promote the development of village-based knowledge centers; (based on E/CN.6/2012/3, para. 72 (k))

 

[US TO ADD: dd bis. Work to expand the involvement and participation of women in decision-making at all levels and in all institutions, including those dedicated to research and extension, and advance women’s leadership in science and technology through proactive recruitment, mentoring, and targeted research support, in order to maximize women’s contribution to food security which is crucial, both in the field and in the laboratory.]

 

[EU TO ADD: dd ter. Promoting the rights of women and girls with disabilities in rural areas, including by ensuring access on an equal basis to productive employment and decent work, economic and financial resources and disability-sensitive infrastructure and services, in particular in relation to health and education, as well as by ensuring that their priorities and needs are fully incorporated into policies and programmes, inter alia, through their participation in decision-making processes; (based on A/RES/66/129, para. 2 (k))]

 

  1. Strengthening participation and leadership in decision-making

 

ee)  [US, Canada, EU TO DELETE: Ensure] [EU TO ADD: Strongly encourage] [US, Canada TO ADD: Encourage] the participation of rural women and women leaders of rural organizations [EU TO ADD: and networks] in key decision-making and budget [EU TO ADD: planning and] allocation processes at all levels of government and within rural institutions, including the planning and implementation of [EU TO ADD: gender-sensitive] rural and agricultural policies and programmes [US TO ADD: as well as renewable and clean energy programmes]; [EU TO ADD: promote the exchange of good practices between rural women’s associations,] organize women-only consultations, [US TO ADD: as appropriate,] and provide [Switzerland TO DELETE: family-friendly] support [Switzerland TO ADD: to household and family related activities (care)], such as [Switzerland TO ADD: affordable] child care facilities; (based on E/CN.6/2012/4, paras. 69 (l) and (o))

 

[Turkey TO ADD: ee bis. Enhance representation of rural women in parliaments and executive bodies, as well as in bodies of national and local governance, including in authorities responsible for planning, negotiating, selling or leasing national land; (based on CEDAW)]

 

ff)   [US TO DELETE: Implement targeted actions to increase] [US TO ADD: Encourage increased] women’s participation and leadership in national, [EU TO ADD: regional] and local governments, farmers’ organizations and cooperatives [US TO DELETE: through adopting temporary special measures such as quotas and benchmarks]; (based on E/CN.6/2012/4, para. 69 (m))

 

gg)  [US TO ADD: Encourage steps to] [Canada TO ADD: Encourage farmers’ and other rural organizations to] Increase the number of women in leadership positions [Canada TO DELETE: in farmers’ and other rural organizations] [US TO ADD: including renewable and clean energy programmes], through measures such as fair and transparent selection processes, and setting concrete targets and timelines [Switzerland TO ADD: but also through infrastructural support such as providing affordable child care facilities]; (based on E/CN.6/2012/4, para. 69 (n))

 

hh) Support the efforts of [India to ADD: local] women’s organizations, [India to ADD: women’s federations,] rural organizations, [US TO ADD: renewable and clean energy programmes,] trade unions, [Australia TO ADD: national human rights institutions] and other civil society organizations that promote rural women’s rights, especially the efforts of rural and women’s organizations in resource mobilization, advocacy and capacity development to strengthen their effective participation in the policy processes at the national and local levels. (based on A/RES/66/129, para. 2 (b); E/CN.6/2012/4, para. 69 (p))

 

[Turkey TO ADD: hh bis. Take all appropriate measures to integrate women, on an equal basis with men, in decision-making regarding sustainable resource management and the development of policies and programmes for sustainable development, including to address the disproportionate impact of climate change on women, including their displacement from income-generating activities, which greatly adds to unremunerated work, such as caregiving, and negatively impacts on their health, well-being and quality of life, particularly those, and in particular rural women, whose livelihoods and daily subsistence depend directly on sustainable ecosystems; (based on CSW53 agreed conclusions, para. 15 (yy))]

 

  1. The Commission stresses the centrality of gender equality and women’s empowerment [India to ADD: with dignity] in sustainable development. [Turkey TO ADD: It also underlines, the challenges borne by persistent inequalities require a systematic, comprehensive, integrated, multidisciplinary and multisectoral approach, with policy, legislative and programmatic interventions and gender responsive budgeting. (based on CSW55 agreed conclusions, para. 21)] It calls for the integration of gender perspectives and the [Australia TO ADD: full and equal] participation of rural women in the preparations for, outcomes and follow up of the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development, to be held in Brazil in 2012, as well as in the internationally agreed development goals including the MDGs and their successor frameworks. (based on E/CN.6/2012/3, para. 72 (p); resolution on improvement of situation of women in rural areas A/RES/66/129, OP 9)


[1] General observations to the draft agreed conclusions were submitted by Norway and the Philippines.